Cats are one of the most popular pets for humans, they were domesticated by a man almost 9,500 years ago. Cats are predators, therefore they are endowed with teeth and a digestive system specialized in digesting meat, they also have two senses of smell, strong hearing, and are able to see in the dark. Cats are famous for sleeping an average of 13-14 hours a day, and some cats may sleep for almost 20 hours; in order to maintain their energy, they prefer to sleep in sunny areas during the day because they enjoy the heat and exposure to sunlight, and unlike humans, they do not show discomfort from high temperatures until their body temperature reaches about 52 degrees Celsius.
Cats are famous for their love of playing, especially the small ones, and they also like climbing and sitting in high places, and even when they fall from a height, they are able to adjust their position so that they touch the ground with their four limbs, and most cats hate to be submerged in water except for the Turkish Van breed, which is characterized by its intense love of water, and therefore it is called a swimming cat. Female cats give birth to 3-5 kittens in one tummy, and kittens at birth are small in size, and blind.
The most famous breeds of cats :
There are many breeds of cats, but the most famous of them are the following breeds:
Siamese cat: Siamese cats are characterized by markings or areas with a color contrary to the color of the body on the face, ears, feet, and tail, although there may be some Siamese cats that do not have those markings, and many Siamese cats have a tail that ends in a knot. Some Siamese cats have Apple-like heads and stocky bodies, and some have larger heads and slender bodies
Persian cat: a cat with a cute face, and a short snout, also called the Iranian cat, or the Shirazi cat after the city of Shiraz in Iran, and it is characterized by long and beautiful fur that has no specific color, but you can find Persian cats in almost all colors.
Maine Coon cat: one of the cats that is very popular, it is large in size and has thick fur, often striped brown, but it can be found in any other color. Maine Coon cats have an extra toe on the foot that increases the size of the foot; it is an adaptation that helps them hunt when it snows.
Sector ragdoll (Ragdoll Cat): one of the obedient cats that love to relax, and its personality is similar to that of dogs as it tends to follow its owners around the house, and it is similar to Siamese cats in terms of long fur, and blue eyes.
Bengali sector: these cats got their name from the Bengal tiger, they are the product of a cross between a domestic cat and an Asian tiger; therefore, they are characterized by spotted fur and a wild appearance, although they are domestic cats.
Abyssinian cat: one of the cats that are characterized by unique fur, where one hair of fur is colored in light and another dark color, cats often appear with red and orange fur, which is the most common color in Abyssinian cats, but there are also Abyssinian cats with cinnamon, blue, or light yellow color.
Berman cat: a cat similar to the Siamese cat, it is blue-eyed, but its fur is of medium length, and it is also similar to the ragdoll cat and it is not surprising, because the ragdoll cat is one of the hybrid breeds of the Berman cat, but it may differ from it in some signs and its character is different from the ragdoll cat.
Oriental Shorthair cat: a cat similar to the Siamese cat, but it differs from it in the color of its eyes, which are often green, as well as in the colors and patterns of its varied fur, and although this cat is often short-haired – which makes it susceptible to skin cancer and cold diseases-there are some cats belonging to this breed that have hair of different lengths.
Pharaonic cat (Sphynx): a breed of active and sociable cats, it is also unique for not having fur covering its skin.
Devon Rex cat: active, play-loving cats, they are slender, characterized by short wavy hair, soft to the touch, and large-sized eyes.
Himalayan cat: similar to the Siamese cat, it is the result of crossing a Persian cat and a Siamese cat.
American Shorthair cat: a round-faced cat, that has short ears, and as its name indicates, it is short-haired, and it is also characterized by intelligence.
Exotic cat: a hybrid breed similar to Persian cats except that it has shorter fur, is characterized by calmness and kindness, and does not need much fur care like the Persian cat.
British Shorthair cat: the oldest breeds of British cats, they often appear with blue fur, but this does not prevent the presence of cats of other colors belonging to this breed, which are moderately active cats.
Scottish Fold-eared Cat: The Young of these cats are born with straight ears, but they involve when they reach the third or fourth month of life.
Domestic cat, or domestic cat: the oldest breed of cats, of which there are cats of all colors and patterns, and they are very diverse, including large or small cats, plump or slender, depending on their pedigree and nutrition.