Duration of pregnancy in cats :
The gestation period of cats ranges from 60 to 67 days, with an average of 63 to 65 days, and cats can mate more than once during the same season, and the breeding season of cats is influenced by seasonal light; the length of daylight in January and February increases the duration of reproduction.
On the other hand, the decrease in the length of the seasonal light period affects the reproduction of cats, especially in North America, and the breeding season for cats lasts until late October or November.
How many mating times are needed to get cats pregnant :
Female cats need 10-20 times to mate on the first day and may need to mate with more than one male for 4-6 days, as mating is the catalyst for the release of the egg in cats.
The reason for this is that there is no egg for cats and they cannot ovulate until they are fertilized, and fertilization occurs during mating, so she needs to mate several times to be able to ovulate and then choose the Best Male for her.
How many times a year do cats get pregnant :
A cat can get pregnant in one year 5 times, and the number of young at a time depends on the age of the cat and the extent of her experience in motherhood; as the number of births of small cats is less than that of large cats in age so that only one cat can give birth per pregnancy, and it can give birth to 6 Young per pregnancy.
Signs and symptoms of pregnancy in cats :
There are many signs and symptoms that indicate the pregnancy of cats, and the most important of these signs are the following:
- The cat’s nipples swell, and their redness increases approximately 15 to 18 days after conception.
- The pregnant cat has passed the vomiting period, and in case of noticing the recurrence of her vomiting and illness, it is recommended to visit the veterinarian.
- The cat’s belly is swollen with the onset of pregnancy, and it is advised to avoid touching her belly for fear of harming the cat or her little fetuses, and it is also advised to ascertain the cause of the cat’s belly swelling, lest the bloating is caused by a disease.
- The weight of a pregnant cat gradually increases by an average of 1 to 2 kg, and this is one of the strongest signs of feline pregnancy.
- Cats ‘ appetite for food increases during pregnancy, which contributes to their weight gain, but it should be checked that the increased appetite is not due to the presence of worms in the cat’s intestines.
- A pregnant cat behaves more emotionally, like making sounds in an effort to demand more attention from her breeder.
- The diagnosis of feline pregnancy by veterinarians using ultrasound is made only 15 days after the onset of pregnancy, and the number of kittens that a cat carries in its belly can also be estimated 40 days after conception.
Pregnancy problems in cats :
A cat during pregnancy can suffer from a lack of calcium stores in the bloodstream, which leads to the so-called preeclampsia or milk fever, which is a serious disease that threatens the life of a pregnant cat, and can occur during the last periods of pregnancy, and to avoid this disease it is recommended to use calcium supplements with the advice of a veterinarian to prevent this:
- The appearance of behavioral symptoms; such as insomnia, speed, panting, and irritability.
- The appearance of physical symptoms; drooling, difficulty walking accompanied by pain, and not walking with normal coordination.
- The appearance of muscle spasms or abnormal activity in the form of seizures is two symptoms of the advanced stages of preeclampsia.
Feeding kittens during pregnancy :
Good nutrition for a pregnant cat is important for the health of pregnancy and childbirth, and a pregnant cat usually suffers from malnutrition, whether by gaining or losing weight, so it is necessary to monitor the cat’s food and pay attention to giving it the appropriate amount of food without increasing, as this can have adverse effects and consequences on the health of the cat and its young.
Obesity in cats is one of the most influential problems in the process of pregnancy and childbearing, as obesity can lead to a decrease in the number of eggs released by the cat when ovulating, and thus the production of cats in small sizes, and obesity can reduce the production of breast milk in the mother cat, and therefore the health and growth of kittens will be affected, so it is preferable that the cat loses excess weight before the mating process and pregnancy, and it is worth noting that there is no dedicated or favorite food for cats during pregnancy.
The nature of the food to be offered to a pregnant cat :
A pregnant cat needs food full of the necessary nutrients that provide her with energy during her pregnancy and help her young to grow, and also provide her with strength after giving birth to cope with her young and breastfeed them.
A pregnant cat needs a sufficient amount of protein and high amounts of calories, and one of the best foods that should be provided to her is a high-quality ready-made cat food that contains all the necessary nutrients, which is preferably offered to the cat from the mating period until a few weeks after her birth.
The amount of food a cat eats during her pregnancy gradually increases, as a pregnant cat feeds on 4 times the amount of her food before pregnancy, so several small meals should be provided to her throughout the day, and sufficient amounts of fresh water to keep her body hydrated.
It is worth mentioning that if a pregnant cat prefers wet food, it should be mixed with dry food to provide her with the energy she needs; this is because wet food does not contain as high calories as dry food, and the amount of water should be increased for her if she prefers dry food.
The gestation period of cats lasts from 60-67 days and needs 10-20 times to mate to be able to ovulate and then get pregnant, and they can give birth in one pregnancy from a cat to 6 cats, where they become pregnant about 5 times per year, and during their pregnancy, they need large amounts of high-calorie food rich in necessary nutrients, especially protein.