Physical qualities of a hyena animal :
The physical qualities of the hyena animal differ depending on the species to which it belongs, knowing that there are 4 types of hyenas
.Spotted hyena physical qualities spotted hyenas or laughing hyenas have a set of features and qualities, as follows:
- Spotted hyenas are a large hyena species, their length varies between 1.2 – 1.8 m.their height at the shoulder varies between 77-81 CM.
- Their weight varies between 40 – 86 kg, except that females of spotted hyenas are larger in size and more weighty than males.
- Spotted hyenas are distinguished by a large head, a long and thick neck, and front legs that are longer than the rear.
- Her back is covered with a mane of short erect hair, and her ears are distinguished from those of other hyenas by being rounder.
- Spotted hyenas have short coarse fur of a sandy-yellow color or gray covered with spots of a black or dark brown hue.
The hyena’s nauseating physical qualities :
Hyenas or brown hyenas have a set of features and qualities, which are as follows:
- Hyenas are considered the second largest hyena species, with a body length of 130-160cm, and an average shoulder height of 78.7 CM.
- There are no differences between hyena females and males, but males may be heavier, as the average male weighs 47 kg, while the female weighs no more than 42 kg.
- It is distinguished by its long, shaggy body hair, which is dark brown to black in color – except for the shoulder and neck, where it is yellowish-brown in color.
- Ghathra hyenas are characterized by having short tails with thick hair of a color similar to the color of the body.
- The ears of hyenas are larger and more prominent than those of spotted hyenas and are therefore more similar to the ears of striped hyenas.
Physical qualities of the striped hyena :
Striped hyenas are characterized by a set of features and qualities, which are as follows:
They are considered smaller in size than spotted hyenas and brown hyenas, their length varies between 100 – 115 cm, and shoulder height varies between 66 – 75 cm.
The striped hyena’s body is covered with golden yellow, brown, or gray fur with black stripes on the body and legs, while the ears, snout, and throat are black in color.
The hyena’s back is covered with a mane of long hair, the head is wide and the eyes are dark brown in color.
Physical qualities of the Earth Wolf :
The Earth Wolf is characterized by a set of features and qualities, which are as follows: it is considered the smallest species of hyenas, ranging in length from 85 to 105 cm, and weighs between 8-14 kg.
His body is covered with yellowish fur with vertical black stripes, and he has a bushy tail with a black tip. it is similar in appearance to the striped hyena, except that its black body stripes are more regular.
Behavioral qualities of a hyena animal :
Hyenas are distinguished by a set of behavioral qualities that distinguish them from other animals.
Hyenas are social animals and live in groups :
Hyenas are social animals that prefer to live, hunt, and search for their food in groups, where their large numbers represent one of the sources of their strength, and hyenas distinguish their territories by scattering dung mixed with a strong-smelling substance secreted by the anal glands on the stems of grasses stretching along their borders.
Hyenas have a sense of humor :
Hyenas have a sense of humor, and they can make a variety of sounds, some of which can be heard up to 5 kilometers away, including a series of short, high-pitched sounds similar to human laughter and giggles, but they are far from laughter because they are often issued by hyenas under attack or frustrated hyenas, and these sounds may convey information about the hyena’s age and condition.
Young sons of hyenas live near their mothers :
The lactation period of young hyenas from mothers ranges from one to one and a half years, which is considered a long period for carnivorous animals to which hyenas belong, this is because hunting operations are often carried out in places far from the den where the young spend the first period of their lives, and also because hyenas do not provide their young with food as hunting dogs do.
Mothers vomit partially digested food when they return to the den to feed the young, and when the hyena pups reach their first year, they begin to go out with their mothers on hunting trips and do not separate from them until they reach puberty at the end of their second year.
Where the hyena lives :
Hyenas are able to live in a wide range of habitats, including forests, grassy plains (savannah), grasslands, shrublands, and mountains with a height of no more than 4 km, and hyenas ‘ living places vary according to their type as follows:
Spotted hyenas :
She lives in sub-Saharan Africa.
Striped hyenas :
The most widespread species of hyenas live in North and North-East Africa, in the Middle East, and from Asia down to southern Siberia.
Brown hyenas :
It lives in southern Africa, including the Kalahari and Namib deserts, and is usually found between the borders of Angola, Namibia, and the Orange River in South Africa.
The Earth Wolf :
There are two groups of Earth Wolves, the first of which lives in the south of Zambia and Mozambique, Uganda, and Somalia, while the second group lives in Tanzania, Ethiopia, Sudan, and Egypt.
Hyena animal food :
Hyena food is characterized by diversity, as follows:
The Earth Wolf is distinguished from the rest of the hyena species as an insectivore, it feeds on termites specifically, where it licks surfaces with its sticky tongue, while the rest of the hyena species are carnivores. Hyenas are known as scavengers and steal what other animals catch, but they are also skilled hunters. The diet of hyenas consists of a wide variety of animals including; antelopes, hippos, wild bulls, foxes, jackals, birds, lizards, fish, snakes, Foxes, porcupines, eggs, and insects.
Reproduction of the hyena animal :
Mating usually occurs between a female hyena and a male belonging to two different herds, and a female hyena gives birth to between 2-4 puppies after a gestation period of about 3 months, and the puppies are closed-eyed at birth but are able to open their eyes after 5-9 days.
The care of the young is the task of the females alone, with the exception of male striped hyenas, in which females participate in this task.
Hyena puppies are able to leave the den when they reach the second week of their lives, and rely on their mother’s milk only until they reach their sixth month and continue to breastfeed for more than a year, and reach maturity when they reach their second year.
The hyena is a dog-like animal endemic to areas of Africa and Asia and is known for several qualities, including its lame gait due to the difference between the length of its front and hind legs, and the laughter-like sounds it makes. Hyenas live in large groups that sometimes enable them to grab the lion’s prey and drive it away, and hyenas are characterized by powerful jaws that enable them to eat the bones, teeth, skins, and hooves of their prey.